domingo, 8 de julho de 2018

Miles Davis ‎– Kind Of Blue (1959)

Style: Hard Bop, Post Bop, Modal
Format: CD, Vinyl, Cass.
Label: Columbia

Tracklist:
1.   So What
2.   Freddie Freeloader
3.   Blue In Green
4.   All Blues
5.   Flamenco Sketches

Credits:
Alto Saxophone – Julian "Cannonball" Adderley (tracks: 1, 2, 4 to 6)
Bass – Paul Chambers
Coordinator [A&r Coordination] – Patti Matheny
Drums – Jimmy Cobb
Piano – Bill Evans (tracks: 1, 3 to 6), Wyn Kelly (tracks: 2)
Producer [Original Recording] – Irving Townsend
Reissue Producer – Michael Cuscuna
Reissue Producer [Columbia Jazz Reissue Series] – Kevin Gore, Steve Berkowitz
Tenor Saxophone – John Coltrane
Trumpet, Leader – Miles Davis
Engineer [Original Recording] – Fred Plaut
Engineer [Remix] – Mark Wilder
Management [Packaging Manager] – Jennifer Ebert
Liner Notes [Original] – Bill Evans
Liner Notes [Reissue] – Robert Palmer
Photography By – Don Hunstein
Photography By [Cover Photo] – Jay Maisel
Design [Reissue] – Randall Martin
Art Direction [Reissue] – Cozbi Sanchez-Cabrera
Directed By [Project Director] – Seth Rothstein

Long held as the jazz album that even non-jazz fans will own, Kind Of Blue not only changed the way people regarded Miles, it changed the very face of music itself. Consistently rated not just as one of the greatest jazz albums but as one of THE greatest musical statements of the 20th century, its 46 minutes of improvisation and sophistication remain peerless. 
In the early 50s George Russell had raised the possibility of using a modal approach (i.e. playing within a certain scale, as opposed to according to a fixed chord sequence) as a way out of the straightjacket that restricted improvisation. Miles, at this time, was in thrall to hard bop, but by 1958's Milestones he was ready to try the modal approach, the title track being his first recorded foray into the form. 
Kind Of Blue, released the following year, took the idea and developed it to an astounding degree. Its smoky evocation of late night ambience is a byword for laid back elegance. It uses the blues but transmutes those seventh chords into something that still sounds modern 50 years on. Quite simply, the sonic space it creates sounds like the coolest place on the planet. 
Key to the album's deceptive ease is the band that Miles had assembled. Honed to perfection were the sextet of saxophonists John Coltrane and Cannonball Adderley, drummer Jimmy Cobb, bassist Paul Chambers and pianist Bill Evans (replacing regular Wynton Kelly on all but one track – "Freddy Freeloader"). All players were to have legendary careers, but it was Coltrane who took Miles' modal template and went furthest with it, with spectacular results. 
Dispute still rages as to the role Evans had in the compositions (many regard him as at least a co-author, and he was an acolyte of George Russell's) but what we do know is that on the two recording dates that spawned this masterpiece, Davis, as usual, just laid out the song structures for the musicians on the day with no rehearsal (though "So What" and "All Blues" had been played live prior to this). From the opening murmur of the piano on "So What" to the final sad mute on "Flamenco Sketches", it never falters, despite its meandering pace. Even more miraculous, it never wears thin from repeat plays. Quincy Jones claims to play it every day. So should you. 
Chris Jones / BBC

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